Bowel obstruction Powerpoint Presentation

10 Bowel Obstruction Symptoms - Common Signs and Symptom

Title: Bowel Obstruction Author: Tyler Durden Last modified by: Tyler Durden Created Date: 3/6/2010 1:30:09 AM Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) - A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 7db1bd-NDYw Chapter 48: Ileus and Bowel Obstruction Intestinal obstruction - *According to site of obstruction its classified as: 1-high small bowel obstruction. 2-low small bowel obstruction. 3-large bowel obstruction. | PowerPoint PPT presentation | free to view. Intestinal Flukes - Intestinal Flukes Causal Agent: The trematode Heterophyes heterophyes, a minute intestinal fluke

Free Download Intestinal Obstruction PowerPoint Presentation. Irrespective of etiology or acuteness of onset: Proximal to obstruction Increased fluid secretion abdominal distention Accumulation of gas abdominal distention Increased intraluminal pressure Vomiting Dehydration Dilatation of bowel Reflex contraction of smooth muscle colicky pain Increased peristalsis to overcome obstruction. Adhesive_Small_Bowel_Obstruction.pptx - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt / .pptx), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. Scribd is the world's largest social reading and publishing site. Open navigation menu. Close suggestions Search Search Bowel Management for I/DD Individuals Living in Community Settings, 02-802. Target Audiences - Direct Support Staff. Program Content. Causes of Constipation, Impaction and Bowel Obstruction. Signs/Symptoms of Constipation, Impaction and Bowel Obstruction. Data collection, documentation and competency demonstration. Delivery Schedul

Unformatted text preview: INTESTINAL OBSTRUCTION BY BRIG MOHAMMAD AHMAD M.B.B.S F.C.P.S F.I.C.S CLASSIFICATION ACCORDING TO OBSTRUCTION SITE SMALL BOWEL OBSTRUCTION LARGE BOWEL OBSTRUCTION ACCORDING TO PRESENTATION ACUTE OBSTRUTION: small gut CHRONIC OBSTRUCTION: large gut ACUTE ON CHRONIC OBSTRUCTION SUBACUTE OBSTRUCTION ACCORDING TO OBSTR.AGENT DYNAMIC OBSTRUCTION INTRALUMINAL ascariais. Peristalsis -could be normal in thin patients -intestinal obstruction Skin lesions -herpes/sister Joseph nodule Discolouration -cullens / grey turner. Absent bowel sounds can only be documented if not present for 4 mins and this is PowerPoint Presentation Author Condition 2: Bowel Obstruction Definition- Mechanical (physical) or functional (ileus) obstruction in the bowel Slide 26- Causes IN THE LUMEN IN THE WALL OUTSIDE WALL Faecal impaction Intussuception Gallstone Ileus Bowel cancer Diverticular disease Obstructed hernia Volvulus Adhesions MOST COMMON IN LARGE BOWEL MOST COMMON IN SMALL BOWEL Hernias & Bowel Obstruction PPT. Presentation Summary : Definition of a hernia. A hernia is the protrusion of a viscus or part of a viscus through the walls of its containing cavity into an abnormal position. Source : https:.

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The term bowel obstruction typically refers to a mechanical blockage of the bowel, whereby a structural pathology physically blocks the passage of intestinal contents.Around 15% of acute abdomen cases are found to have a bowel obstruction.. Once the bowel segment has become occluded, gross dilatation of the proximal limb of bowel occurs, resulting in an increased peristalsis of the bowel In mechanical bowel obstruction: • ranitidine 150mg + dexamethasone 8mg + IV fluids + comfort PO fluids -if colic add HBB 60-80mg/24h & titrate p.r.n. -if constant background pain add opioids • review after 3 days; if vomiting persists: -add HBB 60-80mg/24h, or -↑ HBB to 120mg/24h 4 An intestinal obstruction occurs when your small or large intestine is blocked. The blockage, partial or total, prevents the passage of fluid or digested food. • If intestinal obstruction happens, food, fluids, gastric acids, and gas build up behind the site of the blockage. If enough pressure builds up, the intestine can rupture View Notes - INTESTINAL OBSTRUCTION.ppt from NURSING 231 at Egerton University. INTESTINAL OBSTRUCTION HISTORY • 3rd or 4th century-Praxagoras created an enterocutaneous fistula to relieve a bowel

Fiji National University. f Definitions • Intestinal Obstruction: A mechanical blockage arising from a structural abnormality that presents a physical barrier to the progression of gut contents. • Partial or complete • Simple or strangulated • Ileus: is a paralytic or functional variety of obstruction. f Patient Presentation • A 50. Small Bowel Obstruction Medical Nutrition Therapy Case Study PPT. Presentation Summary : Osteomy output= 710 ml. RD recommendations: Advancement to low fiber diet once GI status permits. Continue PN, but taper with goal to D/C as PO intake improves

Intestinal obstruction - SlideShar

Presentation, Evaluation, and Management The most significant indicator of survival is the timeliness of diagnosis and treatment Acute mesenteric ischemia presents with severe acute abdominal pain out of proportion to the physical findings Symptoms: nausea and vomiting, transient diarrhea, and bloody stools Early abdominal examination is. Large Bowel (Intestinal) Obstruction. A large bowel obstruction is a medical emergency. It occurs when a tumor, scar tissue or something else blocks the large intestine. Gas and stool build up, and the intestine may rupture. Some bowel obstructions improve with minimal treatment in the hospital. Some people need surgery. Appointments 216.444.7000 Case Presentation Diagnosis of large bowel obstruction made Resuscitation Intravenous saline Foley catheter Taken to OR Exploratory laparotomy through midline approach Prominent small bowel dilatation, ascites Discrete mass in sigmoid colon identified Mass resected Primary stapled anastomosis performed Patholog Intestinal Obstruction in Children. Objectives Presentation of obstruction To know different causes A brief about each cause. Duodenal Hematoma Causes: Blunt trauma RTA Associated injuries include ----laceration to the left lobe of liver and to the pancreases Bleeding Disorders(Henoch-schonlein purpura) It can cause complete or partial obstruction

Bowel obstructions are common and account for 20% of admissions with surgical abdomens.Radiology is important in confirming the diagnosis and identifying the underlying cause. Bowel obstructions are usually divided according to where the obstruction occurs, and since imaging appearances, underlying pathology, and treatment differ, these are discussed separately The mucosal indentations of small bowel are numerous, closely spaced, and extend entirely across the bowel lumen, in contrast to large bowel haustra. However, markedly distended small bowel can have an appearance similar to large bowel . Nonetheless, it is unusual for small bowel to dilate to this extent (10 cm) PowerPoint is the world's most popular presentation software which can let you create professional Acute Abdominal Pain powerpoint presentation easily and in no time. This helps you give your presentation on Acute Abdominal Pain in a conference, a school lecture, a business proposal, in a webinar and business and professional representations.. The uploader spent his/her valuable time to create. Defination Intestinal obstruction is a blockage that keeps food or liquid from passing through your small intestine or large intestine (colon). Intestinal obstruction may be caused by fibrous bands of tissue in the abdomen (adhesions) which form after surgery, inflamed or infected pouches in your intestine (diverticulitis), hernias and tumors Obstruction happens ->intestinal contents, fluids, gas accumulate -> abdominal distention and retention of fluid -> reduces the absorption of fluids -> stimulates more gastric secretion -> increases distention -> intestinal lumen pressure increases -> venous and arteriolar capillary pressure decreases ->edema & congestion -> necrosis -> rupture or perforation -> peritonitis (the higher the.

Malignant Bowel Obstruction. 451 Views Download Presentation. Malignant Bowel Obstruction. Kara Bischoff Palliative Care Service Division of Hospital Medicine University of California, San Francisco. A Case. A 57-year-old woman with a 1-year history of stage IV ovarian cancer (s/p debulking surgery, carbo + paclitaxel) Uploaded on Jul 21, 2014 Students prepare and give a short clinical presentation in a small group session on a topic of their choosing that may be of benefit in their upcoming residency. Apply to the M.D. Program. Apply to the M.D. program today and get ready to start impacting the health of South Carolina!.

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Bowel Sounds are hyperactive. The plain abdominal xray was taken on admission. Definition Lack of transit of intestinal contents is called intestinal obstruction Intestinal obstruction is a very common problem encountered in the ED, accounting for up to 15% of all emergency admissions for abdominal pain A bowel obstruction happens when either your small or large intestine is partly or completely blocked. The blockage prevents food, fluids, and gas from moving through the intestines in the normal way. Slide 2-. Causes of Obstruction Adhesions/ Scar Tissue (most common cause) Small bowel tumors Tumors from nearby organs e.g. Large bowel obstruction: Distension, colicky pain, absolute constipation, N+V (faeculent), tinkling BS. Small bowel obstruction: early billious vomiting, late obstruction,chrohns. Perforation PowerPoint Presentation Last modified by: Frances Company

Clinical presentation :-Abdominal (stomach) cramps and pain. Bloating . Nausea & vomiting. Dehydration. Malaise (an overall feeling of illness) Lack of appetite. Severe constipation: In cases of complete obstruction, a person will not be able to pass stool (feces) or gas. Absence of bowel sound: (initially it is increased to overcome the. (Small Bowel Obstruction) - Ileus . letak. rendah (Large Bowel Obstruction) Etiologi : Intestinal Obstruction. Dynamic/ Mechanical. Impaction - Foreign Bodies-Bezoars - Gallstone. Intramural. Adynamic/ Functional - Paralytic ileus - Mesenterc vascular occlusion PowerPoint Presentation Last modified by Bowel Obstruction. Abdominal Trauma. 9 Questions. Bowel Assessment. Auscultate for 2-5 minutes in each quadrant. Normal amount of bowel sounds = 5-34 rumbles/minute. Hepatic Failure. Your liver receives 1500 ml of blood per minute! PowerPoint Presentation Last modified by

PPT - Intestinal Obstruction PowerPoint presentation

  1. al material. May be due to: Bowel wall inflammation, edema or tumor. Intralu
  2. al pain, nausea and vomiting - Vague, crampy pain - Nonbilious vomiting - Last bowel movement and flatu
  3. al pain, nausea and vomiting. • s/p Exploratory laparotomy, extensive lysis of adhesions and small bowel resection for recurrent small bowel obstruction POD#7 • PSH: GSW abdomen (2004), s/p exploratory laparotomy, multiple SBR with six SB anastomosis at initial surger
  4. ally ill patients 15% in major Palliative Care Units CAUSES OF BOWEL OBSTRUCTION IN MALIGNANCY Extrinsic occlusion of lumen tumours of splenic flexure - 49% tumours (R), (L) colon - 25% tumours of rectum 6
  5. Inflammatory Bowel Disorders Chron's & Ulcerative Colitis Hereditary predisposition Early adulthood Remissions & exacerbations Diarrhea Weight loss Possible complications Obstruction Fistulas Toxic megacolon Cancer Chron's Disease Mainly affects small intestine (submucosal layer) Granulomatous lesions - cobblestone Bowel - lead.
  6. Displaying Powerpoint Presentation on bowel obstruction pogoe 384157 available to view or download. Download bowel obstruction pogoe 384157 PPT for free
  7. Upper intestinal anastomosis. Impending intubation. Risk of re-feeding syndrome. OPTION 3: NPO. Only. if contraindication to EN present: bowel perforation,bowel obstruction, proximal high output fistula. Recent operation and high NG output . are . PowerPoint Presentation

bowel obstruction (1996-2006) at UCSF Medical Center. • A predictor model was created based upon operative findings: strangulated (n=44) or non-strangulated (n=148). • Independent Predictors of strangulation: WBC > 12K, Rebound/Guarding at PE, Reduced Enhancement of SB at CT. Is the obstruction strangulating or non-strangulating Intestinal Obstruction (1) - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt / .pptx), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. int obs pp Most common: Bowel & Urinary toxicity RECTUM Sauer, NEJM 351:1731-1740, 2004. >Grade 3 non-heme acute toxicity in 27%. Most common: Diarrhea Dermatitis >Grade 3 late toxicity in 14% Intestinal Obstruction ppt Ramiz Lec2. Definition The term intestinal obstruction refers to any form of impedance to the normal passage of bowel contents through the small or large intestine Difference Between Small and Large Bowel Obstruction www.differencebetween.com Key Difference - Small vs Large Bowel Obstruction Intestinal obstruction is one of the most serious surgical emergencies. Patient's life is at risk if prompt medical attention is not given in case of an intestinal obstruction. Depending on the site of occlusion.


PPT-PGN-16 Northumberland, Tyne and Wear NHS Foundation Trust PPT-PGN-16 - Bowel care management - V03 - Issue 1- Issued Jan 16 Part of NTW(C)38 - Pharmacological Therapy Policy 1 1. Introduction 1.1 Normal bowel function includes the need for regular defecation without complications such as constipation or diarrhoea Some of the symptoms may depend on the location of the obstruction. For example, vomiting is an early sign of small intestine obstruction. This tends to happen after a longer amount of time if you have an obstruction in the large intestine. A partial obstruction can result in diarrhea, while a complete obstruction results in constipation http://armandoh.org/https://www.facebook.com/ArmandoHasudunganSupport me: http://www.patreon.com/armandoInstagram:http://instagram.com/armandohasudunganTwitt.. The Intestinal Diseases PowerPoint template talks about the gastrointestinal diseases which refer to diseases involving the gastrointestinal tract, namely the esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine and rectum, and the accessory organs of digestions, the liver, gallbladder, and pancreas. In layman language weakness of the valve between the esophagus and stomach may allow stomach.

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Intestinal Obstruction PowerPoint Presentatio

Inflammatory bowel disease is more common in developed countries, urban areas and temperate climates Strictures are a narrowing of the gut which can result in bowel obstruction (blockage). Abscesses are walled-off areas of infection that develop when inflammation penetrates the intestinal wall. PowerPoint Presentation Last modified by. Start studying Powerpoint. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Home Browse. Presentation peptic ulcer. Epigastric pain, haemetemesis, melena, nausea. Non bilous vomiting bowel obstruction. Happening before ampulla of vater. Bilous vomit obstruction Intestinal obstruction in the newborn. When the proximal mesentery is destroyed in jejunal atresia, the ileum may derive its blood supply from the ileocolic vessels and wraps around these vessels, creating the appearance of a Christmas tree or apple peel. Intestinal obstruction in the newborn The clinical presentation generally includes nausea and emesis, colicky abdominal pain, and a failure to pass flatus or bowel movements. Acute intestinal obstruction occurs when there is an. The majority (75%) of small bowel obstructions are attributed to intra-abdominal adhesions from prior operations. Malignancy usually means a tumour of the caecum, as small bowel malignancies are very rare. Large intestinal obstruction: Is most often the result of colorectal malignancies. Patients are often aged over 70


The free PowerPoint presentation intestinal obstruction is available with a black and indigo background and has the figure of a human body laying an emphasis on the human intestine. The digestive system template can be used by doctors to talk about the intestine, both small and large and the functions. It can be used by students in projects Small Bowel Obstruction Pathophysiology - Initial increase in motility and contractility (both above and below point of obstruction - diarrhea) - Followed by fatigue and dilation of the bowel Accumulation of water and electrolytes in the lumen and wall - third spacing - dehydration Balance between electrolyte/water dysfunction depend Large-bowel obstruction is an abdominal emergency with high morbidity and mortality rates if left untreated. Al-though abdominal radiography is usually the initial imag-ing study performed in patients suspected of having large-bowel obstruction, it may not be sufficient to distinguish obstruction from other causes of colonic dilatation. Com They are the most common cause of small bowel obstruction and can have varied clinical presentation ranging from chronic abdominal pain to infertility. Recognition of the CT findings associated with adhesive disease has important clinical implications for both patients and the referring physicians Small bowel obstruction (SBO) accounts for 80% of all mechanical intestinal obstruction, the remaining 20% results from a large bowel obstruction. It has a mortality rate of ~5%. Clinical presentation Classical presentation is cramping abdomina..


Figure 4: Large bowel obstruction secondary to diverticular stricture. Plain radiographs of the abdomen, supine and erect views (a and b) in a 45-year-old man presenting to the emergency department with severe abdominal pain and lack of bowel movements demonstrate markedly dilated loops of large bowel compatible with large bowel obstruction Intestinal obstruction is significant mechanical impairment or complete arrest of the passage of contents through the intestine due to pathology that causes blockage of the bowel. Symptoms include cramping pain, vomiting, obstipation, and lack of flatus. Diagnosis is clinical and confirmed by abdominal x-rays Bowel obstruction is considered to be present at CT when distended bowel loops are seen proximal to collapsed loops. When a point of transition from dilated small bowel to normal-caliber bowel without apparent cause is identified, adhesions are the presumed cause ( , Figs 1 , , 2 ) Question: A 25-year-old woman was referred for evaluation of possible chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction (CIPO). She reported a 13-year history of self-limited episodes of generalized abdominal pain, nausea, emesis, inability to tolerate oral intake, and constipation. In the preceding 2 years, 4 discrete episodes had required inpatient admission for conservative management of small.

The typical symptoms of small bowel obstruction are abdominal pain, distention, and vomiting. A history of repetitive intermittent abdominal pain with vomiting suggests a chronic, partial small bowel obstruction. The presentation of duplication cysts primarily depends on the type of mucosal lining and cyst location. Some small intestine. Abnormal neuronal cells in the large bowel result in the inability of the affected bowel to relax normally, which creates a functional bowel obstruction with proximal bowel dilation and problems with defecation. 28 The most common clinical presentation in the neonatal period is progressive abdominal distention, failure to pass meconium by 24. A bowel obstruction can either be a mechanical or functional obstruction of the small or large intestines. The obstruction occurs when the lumen of the bowel becomes either partially or completely blocked. Obstruction frequently causes abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, constipation-to-obstipation, and distention. This, in turn, prevents the normal movement of digested products

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  1. al pains which were central, colicky and associated with abdo
  2. Intestinal pseudo‐obstruction (IPO) is defined as an intestinal obstruction without mechanical obstructive lesion. It is a rare complication of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). We report a case of SLE inaugurated by IPO to emphasize the importance of early recognition of the diagnosis especially that SLE‐related IPO responds well to.
  3. SBO can be classified as complete or partial. Most cases of strangulated bowel are in the setting of complete obstruction, but a Richter's hernia (Figure 9-1) is a special case in which one wall of the bowel is strangulated, resulting in ischemia of a portion of the bowel without complete obstruction.As these patients do not present with clinically significant obstruction, diagnosis is.
  4. 这是危重症监护护理ppt课件下载,主要介绍了重症监护病房概述;ICU的收治原则;ICU的收治范围;ICU的禁忌范围;ICU的设置与管理;ICU的感染管理与控制;小结,肠内容物不能正常运行、顺利通过肠道时,称为肠梗阻(Intestinal obstruction) 。是常见的外科急腹症之一,其发病率仅次于胆道疾病和急性.
  5. In light of concurrent COVID-19 infection and small bowel obstruction in our case, it is challenging to delineate the cascade of events that trigger the PPCM in our patient. A similar presentation of PPCM and COVID-19 in the postpartum period occurred in Italy as published in a case report, it affected a patient in a similar age group and.
  6. Question: A 19-year-old male with autoimmune polyendocrinopathy-candidiasis-ectodermal dystrophy (APECED), caused by mutations in the autoimmune regulator (AIRE) gene, presented at the National Institutes of Health Clinical Center with 5 months of nausea, vomiting, weight loss, and progressive small bowel obstruction (SBO). His symptoms began after presenting to an outside hospital with acute.
  7. al contents to progress through the bowel Mechanical Obstruction Incomplete vs. Complete Open vs. Closed Strangulation Neurogenic/Functional Obstruction ileus Bowel Obstruction SBO: Etiology Adhesion #1 (80-90% of SBO in pt's w/prior abdo

Ppt Large-bowel-obstruction Powerpoint Presentations and

Arial Verdana Times New Roman Wingdings Tahoma Profile INTESTINAL OBSTRUCTION INTESTINAL OBSTRUCTION Slide 3 Slide 4 Slide 5 Slide 6 Slide 7 Slide 8 Slide 9 Slide 10 Mechanical Intestinal obstruction Malrotation Malrotation Malrotation Mechanical intestinal obstruction Annular pancreas Duodenal obstruction Mechanical intestinal obstruction. pain, including bowel obstruction or bowel perforation. Localized ileus of a segment of the small intestine, aka sentinal loop may be seen. Generalized ileus can occur in severe disease. Ground glass appearance may indicate ascites. PowerPoint Presentation Author

High intestinal obstruction. Severe, crampy abdominal pain from vigorous peristalsis. Vomiting with loss of H. 2. O and electrolytes, may result in dehydration. Intestinal Obstructions (2 of 5) Low intestinal obstruction. Symptoms less acute. PowerPoint Presentation Last modified by Obstruction-intestine K56.609-postoperative K91.30. Pneumothorax. J93.9 Complications of intestinal pouch (pouchitis) Retained cholelithiasis following cholecystectomy. Complications of bariatric procedures . PowerPoint Presentation Last modified by: Warford, Susanne (BHS). Rarely associated with intestinal obstruction due to extrinsic compression of the duodenum. Preduodenal Portal Vein (PDPV) Although an incidental finding, PDPV is of great surgical importance as it can result in unexpected surgical complications secondary to accidental injury of the portal vein. PowerPoint Presentation Last modified by

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Meckel's diverticulum, small bowel angiodysplasia. Emergency Presentation. 20%. Obstruction. Absolute constipation. Colicky abdominal pain. Abdominal distension. Vomiting (faeculent) Investigations to find a cancer. PowerPoint Presentation Last modified by: Adam, Ian (General Surgery Many patients with SBO have atypical clinical presentations. Pain may be constant, mild, and even localized. Abdominal distention and vomiting may be minimal, and passage of feces and flatus may continue until bowel distal to the obstruction has evacuated its contents which can take 1-3 days or more Small bowel obstruction (SBO) is a very common problem for patients; treated by many different types of medical providers, including primary care, emergency medicine, internal medicine, and surgery. In the United States alone, there are an estimated 300,000 laparotomies performed annually for SBO, and about one third of these obstructions are.


Bowel obstruction presents with waves of severe crampy abdominal pain that the patient finds incapacitating. Vomiting is common. The pain is often diffuse and poorly localized. Initially, the patient may have several bowel movements as the bowel distal to the obstruction is emptied in the first 12-24 hours. Bowel sounds are hyperactive early. Differentiating small bowel obstruction from large bowel obstruction is important, because the incidence, clinical presentation, evaluation, and treatment vary depending on the anatomic site of obstruction. Intestinal pseudo-obstruction (Ogilvie's syndrome) may mimic bowel obstruction. 1 + + Local Effects of Obstruction 1. Hyperperistalsis->abnormal peristalsis 2. Secretion increase and absorption decrease 3. Accumulation of fluids and electrolytes 4. Distension of intestinal lumen 5. Edema of the bowel wall ->anoxemia->necrosis Systemic Effects of Obstruction 1. Water and electrolyte losses 2. Toxic materials and toxemia 3

Intestinal obstruction2Small Bowel ObstructionAcute abdomen approach to managment-hazem

988 bowel obstruction stock photos, vectors, and illustrations are available royalty-free. See bowel obstruction stock video clips. of 10. intestinal obstruction food and colon colon infection intestine surgery intestin irritable woman bowel obstruction intestinal bad gut colon obstruction inflammatory colon Assistant : Closed Loop Obstruction in Small Bowel Obstruction, Microsoft PowerPoint - Distended Bowel, Sorkin Johnathan MS4, M. Redwine MD, S. Balabhadra MD radiology presentation Author: jvickers1 Created Date: 12/11/2019 12:53:14 PM. • Small bowel obstruction is a very common surgical problem. Very little has changed with regard to the surgical techniques. If acute with no previous surgery then surgery intervention sooner, directed by the principle of never let the sun set on a bowel obstruction . Wit Distal intestinal obstruction due to volvulus is responsible for delayed typical clinical picture and delayed presentation. It is common in old patients with a long history of constipation . Clinically, volvulus presents with constant progressive abdominal pain and intermittent cramping attacks