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RCC wall advantages and disadvantages

Although RCC has various advantages it has some disadvantages also. RCC sections are heavier comparatively to two sections made with other construction materials like Steel, wood, etc. RCC sections consume more space than other sections made with construction materials like Steel. It requires lots of formwork, centring and shuttering to be fixed Despite the above mentioned advantages, R.C.C. has following disadvantages : R.C.C. structures are heavier than structures of other materials like steel, wood and glass etc. R.C.C. needs lot of form-work, centering and shuttering to be fixed, thus require lot of site space and skilled labour. Concrete takes time to attain its full strength

Advantages and disadvantages of Reinforced Concrete as a Structural Material Published on December 2, 2018 December 2, 2018 • 3 Likes • 0 Comment Advantages of Reinforced Concrete 1- Reinforced concrete has a high compressive strength compared to other building materials. 2- Due to the provided reinforcement, reinforced concrete can also withstand a good amount tensile stress. 3- Fire and weather resistance of reinforced concrete is fair Disadvantages of RCC framed structure: Difficulty in repair, modification, and expansion. It has low tensile strength. Conventional formwork construction methods slow things down Lintel is a structural component of a building. It is made above door and window opening. Its main function is to support the masonry wall above openings and transfer its load to side walls. Material for lintel: Lintel can be made from various materials. Such as steel, wood, stone, RCC, etc. The most used material for lintel is RCC (Reinforced Cement Concrete)

Rcc is mostly used for multi store buildings and it behaves as a shear wall. When it compared with brick wall.Rcc walls acts as a loading bearing wall. When compared with the brick wall Rcc is more secured. Economy of Rcc wall is higher than the brick wall Disadvantages of Precast Concrete. There are some disadvantages to precast concrete.They are discussed below. High Initial Investment: For installing a Precast Concrete plant, heavy and sophisticated machines are necessary which requires a high initial investment.A large scale of precast construction projects must be available to ensure sufficient profit Advantages of parapet wall It has a unique, beautiful, and aesthetic style. Prevent accident. It also prevents fire from spreading. Windbreak roof covering on the building. Disadvantages of parapet wall. If caping is not applied correctly where the parapet wall meets with the roof risk of water leakage Also, good against fire resistance as rebars in RCC may fail by melting in the fire. It has a thick brick wall which gives the walls more weather resistance, noise protection. Disadvantages of Load Bearing Wall Disadvantages: Limited to about 5m height (wall becomes too big for higher walls). Space needed behind wall for construction and backfilling. Not suitable for soft soils due bearing failure

Advantages of Reinforced Concrete Reinforced concrete has a high compressive strength compared to other building materials. Due to the provided reinforcement, reinforced concrete can also withstand.. The materials used in precast concrete production are easily obtainable. 3. The construction procedure is very fast, which ultimately saves time. 4. It possesses better thermal insulating characteristics. 5. Precast members are totally fire-proof and sound-proof. 6. Precast members are lightweight and can be transported easily to the job site Therefore the concrete transmits the stresses which steel bars cannot resist itself. Read Also: Formwork, Types of Formwork. 1.2. Advantages of Reinforced Cement Concrete (RCC) Reinforced cement concrete entails the following advantages: 1. It doesn't rot or decay and is not attacked by termites. 2 There are not many disadvantages but few to be mentioned are- RCC work needs good supervision of mixing and placing work. However it can be eliminated by using Ready mixed concrete (RMC). Proper and right amount of compaction is necessary

RCC with its advantages and disadvantages ~ Engineering Goa

Advantages of Shear Wall. These walls provide large strength and stiffness in the direction of orientation. Considerably reduces the lateral sway. They are easy in construction and implementation. It is efficient in terms of construction cost and effectiveness in minimizing earthquake damage. Types of Shear Walls. Reinforced Concrete Shear Wall Full form of RCC | Properties | Advantages | Disadvantages. March 24, 2021 November 22, 2020 by Sanjay Singh In this article, we explain what is RCC in civil engineering, RCC full form in civil engineering, Properties of Reinforced Cement Concrete, the advantages, and disadvantages of reinforced cement concrete, Why steel used in RCC

Advantages and disadvantages of Reinforced cement concrete

Main advantages of precast concrete 1 - Reduction of the term of the work: One of the main advantages is the reduction of the term of the work. The manufacturing of the modules can be planned as the work progresses. Thus, the structure will only be mounted with the aid of a crane Disadvantages of concrete walls requires reinforced concrete plant and skills. Not naturally permeable, must include weep holes or other drainage to ensure active zone is drained. Unless concrete is roughened or cast directly against gravel, base friction is not as good as gabions. Not very flexible, needs competent foundation soil Walls have to resist the lateral force of the wind that push the walls in and pull them away from the building. Shear wall structural systems are more stable. Supporting area with total plans area of building, is comparatively more, unlike in the case of RCC framed structures. 8 9 1.3. Brick Boundary Wall Because of the popularity and vast use of brick boundary walls; we will discuss it. The boundary wall constructed using bricks as key material is brick boundary wall. 1.3.1. Construction of Brick Boundary Wall ~ Firstly the area is excavated up to the depth of 4′ - 5′

RCC Frame. In this article, we will discuss various advantages of RCC framed structure which are as following: 1. In RCC framed structure building the floor area is normally 10% to 12 % greater compared to a load bearing walled building. hence, this type of building is preferably economical where the value of land is very high. 2 What are the disadvantages of reinforced concrete? Disadvantages of Reinforced Concrete. The tensile strength of reinforced concrete is about one-tenth of its compressive strength. The main steps of using reinforced concrete are mixing, casting, and curing. The cost of the forms used for casting is relatively higher Disadvantages of RCC Structures. Due to the more dead weight of RCC, it is less used in high-rise buildings, as more load will be there on the foundation. At end of life, concrete can be crushed and recycled but the recycled material cannot be used for new building concrete. Therefore, the scrap value of concrete is almost nil

Advantages and disadvantages of Reinforced Concrete as a

Reinforced concrete, as an economic building material, is very popular nowadays. It is widely used in many types building around the world. Along with many advantages, reinforced concrete also poses some disadvantages also. Advantages of reinforced concrete 1. Reinforced concrete has a high compressive strength compared to other building. reinforced concrete cantilever wall Advantages: i) take up small space with much of structure below ground ii) no specialist equipment required - standard reinforced concrete skills required for construction Disadvantages: i) prone to sliding failure - often require propping ii) space required behind wall for construction and backfillin Scope and utility of using steel products is vast. Steel structure, has many advantages over wooden/RCC structure. From its durability and strength to its environmental benefits, steel structures consistently prove to be a superior choice over the other construction materials

Insulation. Another advantage of cast-in-place concrete is the high degree of insulation it provides. This includes thermal insulation, which keeps basements from taking on the cold temperatures and moisture from the earth around them. Cast-in-place concrete also insulates for sound, making homes quieter. Its insulation properties extend to. Advantages and disadvantages of CFRP reinforced concrete beam bridge. CFRP and reinforcing bar bear the load together, reducing the stress of reinforcing bar, so that the structure has achieved the effect of strengthening and reinforcing. It is believed that carbon fiber reinforcement will become the inevitable trend of bridge reinforcement in. 1.4 Advantages: 1.5 Disadvantages: RETROFITTING. Developing the solid alternative load path is another method and inclusion of reinforced concrete shear walls in between the columns. This method requires minor disturbance in the existing building, and in this method, only a shear wall is added right from the foundation level.. Sea walls may be constructed from various materials, most commonly reinforced concrete, boulders, steel, or gabions. Other possible construction materials are vinyl, wood, aluminum, fiberglass composite, and large biodegradable sandbags made of jute and coir. Riprap is often a mixture of granite, limestone and concrete rubble in chunks spread.

What Is Reinforced Concrete, Advantages And Disadvantages

Advantages of Load bearing wall. Exterior walls of a load-bearing structure are ticker than the non-load-bearing wall, thus, it gives better thermal insulation and provides good sound resistivity. Load-bearing structures take less time to build as compared to RCC framed structures. Load-bearing wall structures are cost-effective than non-load. Advantages of flat slab. Engineers use flat slabs in multiple buildings because of their benefits over other conventional RCC floor systems in different cases. Essential services of flat slabs are given below: The flat slab system offers flexibility in room layout, and the Partition wall can be constructed as per need The advantages of GFRC is that it is lightweight, but still has a high degree of strength. These properties make it suitable for wall panels, countertops and the area surrounding fireplaces. The glass fibre gives GFRC extra strength, so you can use thinner pieces of concrete without reducing the weight it can take

RCC Framed Structure: Components, Advantages & Disadvantage

RC Beam Column Building. Concrete structure can be made with many different ways. Some are given below: Plain Cement Concrete. Plain cement concrete is a hardened mass obtained from a mixture of cement, sand, gravel, and water in definite proportion. The concrete structure made by using the plain cement concrete has good compressive strength but very little tensile strength, thus limiting its. In RCC framed structure, the whole load is supported on beam and slab, where in load bearing structure, it is supported by masonry wall. The whole load of beam and slab is transferred through columns to footing in RCC structure, and masonry wall to masonry foundation in load bearing structure Advantages and Disadvantages of Precast Concrete Construction Advantages: Very rapid speed of erection Good quality control Entire building can be precast-walls, floors,beams,etc. Rapid construction on site High quality because of the controlled conditions in the factory Prestressing is easily done which can reduce the size and number of the structural members Slipform is a construction method for reinforced concrete walls, generally lift and stair core walls, and is often economical for buildings more than ten storeys in height. Slipform involves the formwork for the walls being raised in a continuous process as the wall concrete is poured. As the slip form rig is raised, it is supported by already. Secant and Tangent Pile Walls - Review Options in DeepEX Software. Construction, Use, Advantages and Disadvantages. Secant pile walls are formed by constructing intersecting reinforced concrete piles. Secant pile walls are reinforced with either steel rebar or with steel beams and are constructed by drilling under mud

Types of RCC Lintel and Advantage and Disadvantage of Them???

In this article the hidden beam will be explain and also its advantages and disadvantages will be discussing. What is Hidden Beam? It is a reinforce concrete beam.it is also known as concealed beam, hidden beam or slab beam. this beam is called hidden beam because it is hidden in slab. concealed beams are mostly constructed in the suspended slabs where slab thickness is good One of the latest technologies in civil engineering design services is the use of reinforced concrete. Even though the concrete material is strong in terms of compression it is weak in tension. If the tensile strength is weak, the bottom surface of the concrete will fail. To compromise, steel is usually used inside concrete to strengthen and.

What is a better option: brick work wall or RCC wall

  1. The equipment in Diamond-edge RCC core-cutting is maneuverable and flexible enough to be used in remote cutting and closed space areas. Advantages of Core Cutting: There are the following advantages of this method such as; To drill holes in concrete, core-cutting is a fast, accurate, and clean way
  2. 1. Masonry Walls. Masonry walls transfer the loads of the upper slabs to the foundation successfully. The walls in the confined masonry act as the bracing panels, which resist horizontal earthquake forces. The walls of this type of masonry are confined by concrete tie-beams and tie-columns to ensure satisfactory earthquake performance
  3. Anchored retaining wall is also known as a tie-back system. They are used in combination with cantilever retaining walls, piled retaining walls, sheet piles, tangent walls, etc. The Tie-back system enhances the stability of the structure and plays an important role in equipping the walls to handle additional loads

12 Advantages and Disadvantages of Precast Concrete

  1. Panel doors are quite popular in homes for various reasons. Panel doors are hard or provide more security and privacy to your home. They add extra beauty, strength or stability to doors. Know more about various advantages and disadvantages of panel doors before you choose panel doors for your home
  2. Textile Reinforced Concrete (TRC) is an innovative technology in concrete filed in which the steel reinforcement is replaced by textile reinforcement. These fibres are mesh-like structures made up of glass, polypropene, jute, carbon etc. Textile Reinforced Concrete is commonly used in lightweight structures such as precast members, shells, road.
  3. Advantages of timber piles. a) Timber piles are available in varied sizes and is cheaper than any other type of piles. b) It is easy to install and can be cut into any size as per the requirements. c) Timber piles is more reliable in marine works. d) Timber piles doesn't decay even when submerged in water for a prolonged time
  4. What are the advantages and disadvantages of light wood construction? In the United States, the vast majority of homes are built with wood frames: the material is plentiful and familiar—builders know how to quickly construct a wood frame house. On the other hand, almost all taller buildings in the United States, whether apartment blocks or.
  5. Sand-lime bricks alone have potential disadvantages outside: Limestone exterior walls need to be insulated to a comparatively greater extent than external walls made of bricks or concrete blocks - this generally results in a cost disadvantage in general - but that always depends on the respective construction project
  6. Even working with steel in RCC we need the same so just read the article to know Labor Guideline for Steel bars in RCC. What are the advantages and disadvantages of flush doors? Advantages of flush doors-offer simplicity in design, attractive appearance, durable, good stability against twisting
Advantages and Disadvantages of Slab Foundations

Disadvantages. Protects the base of cliffs, land and buildings against erosion. They can prevent coastal flooding in some areas. Expensive to build and maintain. Curved sea walls reflect the energy of the waves back to the sea. This means that the waves remain powerful. Can also be unattractive What Is Shear Wall Classification Of Walls Advantages Functions Important Point Shera. Method For Construction Maintenance And Management Of Rigid Frame Bridges Using H Shaped Steel Girders Springerlink. Pdf Comparative Study Of Pentagrid And Hexa Grid Structural System For Tall Buildings Dr Mahantesh N B Academia Edu Precast Concrete Wall Panels Price (Approximate) : 90 per Square Feet. Precast Concrete Walls are becoming very popular in India. It is reusable, cost cutter and saving space also. It is main reason to becoming very popular. Precast concrete has proved to be very useful in today's lifestyle. product is already Prepared So, very little time is. The properties, applications, advantages, and disadvantages of glass fiber reinforced concrete are similar to that of fiber-reinforced concrete discussed above. 5. Ferro Concrete: Ferroconcrete, also called Ferrocement, is a reinforced concrete structure made up of cement, fine aggregates, chicken wire mesh, and water

The main advantages of using fly ash bricks are, the fly ash bricks carries High compressive strength. its provide good thermal insulation than red clay bricks. fly ash bricks cheaper as compared to clay bricks and fly ash bricks are environment friendly. Fly ash by mixing efficiently with the concrete mix it can replace Portland cement that in. TEXTILE REINFORCED CONCRETE (TRC) It is an alternative reinforcing material, composed of fibrous direction .to prevent interferenc. tissue, as a combined reinforcement. It is used to strengthen beams, panels, columns and walls The paper 'Advantages and Disadvantages of Using Load Bearing Masonry is a perfect example of an engineering and construction assignment. The load-bearing masonry is solid and durable. The stones or bricks are very strong, making this form of construction strong. There is also the use of reinforced concrete and steel making it extra strong

Advantages and Disadvantages of Solar Power Renewable energy

Parapet wall and 11 Types of Parapet wall, Advantages, and

technical knowledge and strict supervision is very, advantages of prestressed concrete prestressed concrete members are free from cracks and the resistance to the effect of impact shock and stresses are higher than rcc structures longevity o advantages and disadvantages of reinforced concrete Reinforced concrete has some characteristics that enhance its ability to resist earthquake forces, and others that are detrimental. Perhaps the greatest advantage of reinforced concrete construction is continuity Advantages of concrete,Disadvantages of concrete,advantages and disadvantages of concrete,inert material acts as a filler and the binding materials. Rcc Concrete is considered as a chemically combined mass where the inert material acts as a filler and the binding materials act as a binder Advantages of Synthetic Fiber Reinforced Concrete. Synthetic Fiber Reinforced Concrete Fiber are more durable than most natural fibers and will readily pick-up different dyes. Also, many synthetic fibers offer consumer-friendly functions such as stretching, waterproofing and stain resistance. Sunlight, moisture, and oils from human skin cause.

Secant pile walls are formed by constructing intersecting reinforced concrete piles. The piles are reinforced with either steel rebar or with steel beams and are constructed by drilling under mud. Primary piles are installed first with secondary piles constructed in between primary piles once the latter gain sufficient strength Advantages of Fiber-reinforced concrete. Fibers reinforced concrete may be useful where high tensile strength and reduced cracking are desirable or when conventional reinforcement cannot be placed. It improves the impact strength of concrete, limits the crack growth and leads to a greater strain capacity of the composite material Disadvantages of Retrofit: It is an expensive and inconvenient method. Wall insulation may reduce internal spaces. Retrofitting can cause damage to heritage or ancient assets. More detailed research is required for retrofit. There should be more focus on the risks of retrofitting. Visit our Channel for more information. Tutorials tip Sea Wall Advantages and Disadvantages. Let's get into our pros and cons analysis of using a sea wall along the ocean. Advantages of Sea Walls. The numerous sea wall pros make it an ideal solution to the erosion and flooding problems experienced on coastlines. Since it is a long-term solution, it comes with the following advantages Reinforced Concrete Frame Structure Advantages. Reinforced concrete is one of the most widely used modern building materials. Concrete is 'artificial stone' obtained by mixing cement, sand, and aggregates with water. Fresh concrete can be molded into almost any shape, which is an inherent advantage over other materials

Load Bearing Wall: Types, Advantages & Disadvantage

Reinforced concrete or plastic pipe-it seems like a simple question, but in fact is not. The two materials have proponents and detractors in approximately equal numbers and there is little correlation of material to specific use, and size, by itself, is rarely a consideration Advantages of Masonry Structures. Masonry is extremely solid and can last a long time. If a masonry structure uses lime mortar, the useful life can last more than 500 years, compared to 30 to 100 years when using steel or reinforced concrete (depending on exposure and treatments). The material is also weather resistant; the exterior walls can. Fiberglass reinforced concrete (GFRC) is most suitable for construction because it is a great material for restoration of old buildings and also used for the exterior of the buildings. It is also being used widely for walls and ceilings. GFRC allow almost perfect replication of building terra-cotta and ornaments Advantages of Reinforced Concrete. Needle vibrator is generally used to compact the concrete in the small, narrow and deep area like a beam, column etc and Some time used in flat area but the surface vibrator is used in compaction of a flat area like road construction. flooring and consuming new materials. can be customised to suit any design. In a high-rise building, the parapet wall of RCC should have a thickness of 6 inches. Types of Parapet Wall. The different types of parapet walls depending on appearance and functions are as follows. Advantages & Disadvantages of Cantilever Bridge. 7. Stepped Parapet Walls. This type of parapet wall is commonly used for sloping roof.

  1. Learn about the advantages and disadvantages of flat concrete roof. Or call the Ranger Roofing of Oklahoma team for a free consultation: 918-347-4215
  2. disadvantages of shear wall | decking seller . two shear wall design methodologies have been presented in this tutorial. both methods have advantages and disadvantages. the segmented shear wall ssw approach is the 'tried and true' method. it relies only on the segments of full-height sheathing to resist shear, and neglects the effects of sheathing above and below openings
  3. The Advantages And Disadvantages of Air Transport discuss in this post. The Air Transport is the major means of transport. It is the fastest means of transport. This provides a strong bonding between RCC surfaces, walls and Plastering. This mesh is hexagonal in shape. And possess a structure of honeycomb. This property makes it strong. And.
  4. Disadvantages of Prefabricated Structures. Besides the advantages of the prefabricated construction method, there are also disadvantages. Disadvantages; classified in terms of economic, social, technical, and aesthetic. Economic. Prefabrication requires large economic investments. Prefabrication requires regular and systematic financial power
  5. Melting snow and water buildup during a rainstorm can result in pooling of water on any flat roof, including a concrete roof. Trapped water can attract bugs, bacteria, algae, and mold. 2. Collected Debris and Dirt. A roof that is flat, such as a flat concrete roof, is more likely to collect debris that will typically slide off a sloped roof
  6. shear wall technology advantages disadvantages . case study on retrofit of steel plate shear walls using low yield steel plate shear walls spsws have been frequently used in seismic design and for retrofitting of a reinforced concrete frame and discussed the advantages and disadvantages. world academy of【Get Price
  7. Precast Concrete Piles - Advantages & Disadvantages Precast concrete piles are cast, cured and stored in a yard before they are installed in the field mostly by driving. Advantages of Precast Concrete Piles Reinforcement used in the pile is not liable to change its place or get disturbed The defects in pile can be easily [

ADVANTAGES: * Earlier Stripping of Shuttering. * Flexibility in providing service ducts and false ceilings. * Larger column free space. * Reduction in Dead load due to Thinner slab which will make cost savings. * Less no of work force engaged for Post tensioning works than RCC slabs. * Reduction in reinforcement quantity 4. Shear wall system. It is a continuous vertical wall constructed from reinforced concrete or masonry wall. Shear walls withstand both gravity and lateral loads, and it acts as narrow deep cantilever beam. Commonly, constructed as a core of buildings; It is highly suitable for bracing tall buildings either reinforced concrete or steel structure In more modern properties lintels are primarily made from reinforced concrete or prefabricated steel. Materials. Each different lintel has its own advantages and disadvantages when used in construction. Natural Materials Timber Timber has been used as a construction material from when humans began to build houses Advantages And Disadvantages Of Prefabrication. 972 Words4 Pages. • Prefabrication is a modern construction method in which structural components are prefabricated in a manufacturing or production site and then transported to the site location where their erection is carried out. • Structural elements such as beams, slabs, walls and floor.

become now some of the main advantages of pole barn construction, advantages amp disadvantages of rcc structures advantages of rcc structures it can endure very high temperatures from fire for a long time without loss of structural integrity buildings constructed with cast in place reinforced concrete can resist winds of more than 200 miles pe advantages and disadvantages, raft foundation details pinterest, kannimarconsultants com, concrete bridge drawing bridge engineering drawing, what is raft foundation difference between raft, raft footing and rcc wall Knowing the advantages and disadvantages of every material is important in ensuring a safe and cost-effective approach to designing structures. Structural Steel. Steel is an alloy consisting mainly of iron and carbon. Other elements are also mixed into the alloy to gain other properties. Disadvantages of Reinforced Concrete. Long-term.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Concrete Dying

The permeability resistance of these blocks is about 85% higher than clay brick walls. 9. Economy. AAC blocks are lightweight, it helps to decrease the load on reinforced concrete blocks by 10%-15% reduce foundation cost and allow to construct more stories and reducing the investment costs advantages and disadvantages of shear walls - green composite shearwall design - wsu timber engineering both methods have advantages and disadvantages. the segmented shear wall ssw approach is the ''tried and . free sample get price contact; techniques of seismic retrofitting for concrete - email protected shear walls or steel bracings, an ADVANTAGES AND. DISADVANTAGES OF TIMBER CONSTRUCTION GROUP 2 LAXAMANA, RAFAEL O. MANALAC, KEYZER GLENN S. NAKANISHI, MAYUMI R. PARINAS, AILA DANICA S. SOLICITO, CARL ANGELO D. TIMBER CONSTRUCTION Timber has been around longer than we have, and since the prehistoric man first stepped foot out of his cave, it became the widest spread material for building shelters

Advantages and Disadvantages of Reinforced Concret

Learn more by reading through the advantages and disadvantages of green roofs: Advantages . Beauty Green roofs can make your property more attractive. For large buildings with flat roofs, a roof garden can also increase the usable space a building offers. This can be a plus, especially if there's little outdoor or green space available on the. Disadvantages of Foam Concrete. With a decrease in the density of foam concrete, its compressive and flexural strength decrease. Foam concrete has a relatively high paste content and no coarse aggregate, it will shrink more than normal concrete. Since it has higher cement content than normal concrete. So it becomes costly Advantages and Disadvantages of Aluminium Formwork Advantages of Aluminium Formwork. It increases the construction speed. Light in weight and easy to handle. Easy to assemble, safety inbuilt in the system. A semi-skilled labor force is enough. It gives good labor productivity Disadvantages of Spandrel Beam. Spandrel beams are placed on the outside of a house, they come into contact with moisture more frequently than floor beams, resulting in moisture. Deterioration or rusting of steel reinforcements. Concrete Breaking and Spalling. A considerable sum of money is also spent on reconstruction

Precast Concrete Construction - Advantages And Disadvantage

Advantages of Brick Masonry. It requires approximately 30 percent less bricks and 50 percent less mortar than conventional masonry, which reduces the cost of wall by 20- 30 percent. Their strength is equal to a standard solid brick wall. The cavities provided inside the walls act as thermal insulators Formwork uses in the construction of reinforced concrete foundations, columns, slabs, walls etc., and these are as follows: 1. Footing Forms - for Foundation. The first step in any concrete construction starts with the construction of the foundation. Foundation can be for columns or walls

AAC block Advantages & properties. Let us now discuss about AAC Block advantages, benefits and their different properties and uses. 1) AAC Block Autoclaved aerated concrete. 2) it is lightweight,precast, foam concrete building material suitable for concrete masonry unit. 3) it is eco friendly in nature not producing pollution in environment and. A reinforced concrete beam with different types of beam shapes like I beam, T Beam, L beam, etc. Reinforced Concrete Shear Wall Location, Advantages June 13, 2021 Gypsum Plaster History, Uses, Advantages and Disadvantages June 7, 2021 . What is Gypsum Plaster and its History: For thousands of years in the entire world, gypsum plaster. Bar Bending Schedule of RCC Box Culvert: In the reinforcement, there are top slab, bottom slab and outside walls.Box culvert typical section (6×7), where 6 are inside length and 7 is inside height. Top slab has top main bar and bottom main bar